Corey-Kim Oxidation

Corey-Kim Oxidation

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  • General Characteristics

The oxidation of alcohols based on the dimethylsulfide-NCS system is known as the Corey-Kim oxidation. The oxidation of primary alcohols stops at the aldehyde oxidation state.

  • General References

・Corey, E. J.; Kim, C. U. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1972, 94, 7586. doi:10.1021/ja00776a056
・Corey, E. J.; Kim, C. U. J. Org. Chem. 1973, 38, 1233. DOI: 10.1021/jo00946a041
・Corey, E. J.; Kim, C. U. Tetrahedron Lett. 1974, 15, 287. doi:10.1016/S0040-4039(01)82195-X
・Review: Tidwell, T. T. Synthesis 1990, 857. doi:10.1055/s-1990-27036

  • Reaction Mechanism

Dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) and oxalyl chloride form the active chlorosulfonium species in the Swern reaction. In a similar fashion, dimethylsulfide (DMS) and Cl2 or NCS form the active species.

  • Examples

Alcohols containing a double bond at the β,γ-position sometimes isomerize to form α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds.


The formation of the chlorinated byproduct is known[1] in the absence of triethylamine, especially for reactive allyl and benzyl alcohols. The synthesis of an allyl chloride is shown here.[2]


The total synthesis of ingenol.[3]


  • Experimental Procedure

  • Experimental Tips

  • References

[1] Corey, E.J.; Kim, C. U.; Takeda, M. Tetrahedron Lett. 1972, 13, 4339. doi:10.1016/S0040-4039(01)94310-2
[2] Denmark, S. E.; Fu, J. Org. Lett. 2002, 4, 1951. DOI: 10.1021/ol025971t
[3] Tanino, K.; Onuki, K.; Asano, K.; Miyashita, M.; Nakamura, T.; Takahashi, Y.; Kuwajima, I. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 1498. DOI: 10.1021/ja029226n

  • Related Books

[amazonjs asin=”3527306420″ locale=”US” title=”Modern Oxidation Methods”]

[amazonjs asin=”B00IGYNTAU” locale=”US” title=”Oxidation and Reduction in Organic Synthesis (Oxford Chemistry Primers) by Donohoe, Timothy J. (2000) Paperback”]

[amazonjs asin=”0387236074″ locale=”US” title=”Oxidation of Alcohols to Aldehydes and Ketones: A Guide to Current Common Practice (Basic Reactions in Organic Synthesis)”]

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