Febuxostat is an inhibitor of xanthine oxidase, and was developed by Teijin pharma. This compound is known as a new drug that is effective against gout and hyperuricemia, and it has been 40 years since the last time a drug of this kind of drug was developed.
Febuxostat has therefore gained a lot of popularity and it has already been accepted as a drug in Europe, USA, Korea and Japan. The synthesis of this molecule have been reported in patents by Teijin pharma as shown below.[1,2]
Recently, Itami group was reported the rapoid synthesis of febxostat by using Ni-catalyzed direct coupling of azoles and arylhalides
Sorbera, L.A.; Castaner, J.; Rabasseda, X.; Revel, L.; TMX-67. Drugs Fut 2001, 26, 1, 32
 Hasegawa, M.; A facile one-pot synthesis of 4-alkoxy-1,3-benzenedicarbonitrile. Heterocycles 1998, 47, 2, 857.
 Hasegawa, M.; Hasegawa, M.; Komoriya, K. (Teijin Ltd.); Cyano cpds. and their preparation method. JP 1994345724 .
 “Nickel-Catalyzed Biaryl Coupling of Heteroarenes and Aryl Halides/Triflates”
Canivet, J.; Yamaguchi, J.; Ban, I.; Itami, K. Org. Lett. 2009, 11, 1733-1736. DOI: 10.1021/ol9001587
Ni-based catalytic systems for the arylation of heteroarenes with aryl halides and triflates have been established. Ni(OAc)2/bipy is a general catalyst for aryl bromides/iodides, and Ni(OAc)2/dppf is effective for aryl chlorides/triflates. Thiazole, benzothiazole, oxazole, benzoxazole, and benzimidazole are applicable as heteroarene coupling partners. A rapid synthesis of febuxostat, a drug for gout and hyperuricemia, is also demonstrated.