Pummerer Rearrangement

Pummerer Rearrangement

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  • General Characteristics

The treatment of sulfoxides with acid anhydrides or acid chlorides brings about a reaction called the Pummerer rearrangement, which gives α-acyloxythioethers.

The rearranged products can be hydrolyzed to give aldehydes. Therefore, sulfoxides and sulfides can be considered as aldehyde precursors.


  • General References

・Pummerer, R. Ber. 1909, 42, 2282.
・Pummerer, R. Ber. 1910, 43, 1401.
・De Lucchi, O. et al. Org. React. 1991, 40, 157.
・Grierson, D. S.; Husson, H.-P. Comp. Org. Syn. 1991, 6, 924.
・Padwa, A.; Gunn, D. E., Jr.; Osterhout, M. H. Synthesis 1997, 1353. DOI: 10.1055/s-1997-1384
・Padwa, A.; Rur, S. K.; Danca, M. d.; Ginn, J. D.; Lynch, S. M. Synlett 2002, 851. DOI: 10.1055/s-2002-31891
・Bur, S. K.; Padwa, A. Chem. Rev. 2004, 104, 2401. DOI: 10.1021/cr020090l

  • Reaction Mechanism

Ref: Chem. Commun. 2006, 2786.


  • Examples

The total synthesis of asteltoxin.[1]


An example where the rearrangement is applied to effect intramolecular C-C bond formation.


The total synthesis of ent-hyperforin.[2]


  • Experimental Procedure

  • Experimental Tips

  • References

[1] Schreiber, S. L.; Satake, K. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1984, 106, 4186. DOI: 10.1021/ja00327a020
[2] Shimizu, Y.; Shi, S-L.; Usuda, H.; Kanai, M.; Shibasaki, M. Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 2010, 49, 1103. doi:10.1002/anie.200906678

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